The work of a forensic scientist in this area might include:
The forensic pathologist often uses autopsy to determine information on death, and might review records to determine method of injury for victims who are still alive. Their work is often heavily scrutinized at criminal trials, so the analysis must be thorough.
Serology and Toxicology of Body Fluids
The body can provide a wealth of information through the fluids that come out of it. Some scientists specialize in the study of those bodily fluids. They can determine many things, such as which medications were in the body, how a person might have reacted to those drugs, and much more.
Drugs and Identification
Forensic scientists might be called to examine drugs or drug paraphernalia to determine exactly what the substances are. Besides that, they often work with toxicology results to determine the level of drugs in a body, what certain drugs might do to the tissues, and other points that are important in cases of overdose of poisoning.
A groundbreaking advancement in criminal investigations, DNA analysis has become an incredibly valuable tool. Forensic scientists who focus on DNA investigations and analysis often unlock criminal mysteries, identify victims, and even aid in civil suits, especially concerning paternity.
Some victims are found in a state that makes them almost impossible to identify. A forensic odontologist is a dentist who works with remains and identifies victims through dental records.
What if there are no dental records for a victim? Forensic anthropologists use other means of identification, and can often provide the sex, height, weight, approximate age, manner of death and much more.
Where there’s decomposition, there are sure to be bugs. Entomologists study the insects found at a crime scene or on a victim to determine important facts, such as estimated time of death, manner of disposal and whether the body was stored for a while.
Other forensic scientists focus on the behavioral sciences; specifically, they look at the psychology behind certain criminal behaviors. They might also look at how the witnesses and victims respond to crime. They use a variety of tools to help them make assessments of individuals, with the goal of helping the legal system – as well as the victims, witnesses and even criminals – deal with the actions and consequences surrounding crime.