Mineral And Petroleum Royalties Payment In South Africa

What is MPRR?

In the past, mineral and petroleum resources were privately owned, meaning that payment for the extraction of these resources was payable to the State only under certain circumstances, e.g. where mining had been conducted on State-owned land. 

To bring South Africa in line with prevailing international norms, the Department of Minerals and Energy promulgated the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act, 2002 (MPRDA) in terms of which these resources are recognised as the common heritage of all the people of South Africa with the State as custodian thereof for the benefit of all South Africans.  

The Minister of Finance must, in terms of section 3(4) of the MPRDA determine and levy the State royalty by means of an Act of Parliament. This the Minister did by promulgating the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Royalty Act, 2008 as well as the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Royalty (Administration) Act, 2008, both of which are administered by SARS. The royalty is triggered on the transfer of a mineral extracted from within the Republic. As is the case for all other taxes, duties, levies, fees or money collected by SARS, the royalty collected is paid to the National Revenue Fund.

Who is it for?

The following persons/entity must register for the payment of the royalty to SARS:

  • Any persons/entity who holds a prospecting right, retention permit, exploration right, mining right, mining permit or production right or a lease or sublease in respect of such a right; or
  • Any persons/entity who wins or recovers a mineral resource extracted from within the Republic.
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What steps must I take?

The entity needs to be registered as a taxpayer by completing the RAV01 form and submitting the required supporting documents for eFiling. If you are registering with SARS for the first time and you do not have a tax number, you must do an entity registration at a SARS branch. The entity will be able to subscribe to MPRR on eFiling through completion of the RAV01 form’s MPRR section. You can also take the completed MPR1 to the SARS Branch. Once registered for tax, the entity can subscribe for MPRR. For queries on registration, the SARS Contact Centre can be contacted on 0800 00 7277 or the nearest SARS branch should be visited. Once registration has been completed and a tax number is given, the entity can then register for eFiling, which is a free and convenient way of interacting with SARS.

Once registration and subscription is in place, the declaration process should be followed. The completed MPR3 return must be completed, scanned and emailed to mineralroyalty@sars.gov.za.

What is the rate for the royalty?

The rate for the royalty is determined according to a formula contemplated in subsections (1) and (2) of section 4 of the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Royalties Act, 2008 and differentiates between the refined and unrefined conditions of the mineral resource, and are currently as follows –

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  • for refined mineral resources: minimum of 0.5% to a maximum of 5%
  • for unrefined mineral resources: minimum of 0.5% to a maximum of 7%.

When and how should the royalty be paid?

Payments can be made via the eFiling channel using the “Additional payment” option to the “MINR” tax type. Note that bank channels were discontinued for MPRR payments on 13 September 2019, which implies that all MPRR payments will only be payable by using the eFiling channel. An eFiling profile should be set up for each MPRR taxpayer, and all payments should be made via this channel to ensure no issues are experienced when banking channels are discontinued.

Note that each payment must be accompanied by a completed MPR3 form as required by legislation for the two provisional payments, the third excess payment and the final return (if a further payment is necessary). 

​Phase​DescriptionDate of release​​Outcome of release
Phase 1MPR3
Form (new)​
New MPR3 return (form) released. The form includes the previous MPR2 payment advice/ return as well as the old MPR3. The RAV01 will still be used to register a legal entity (single registration), and the MPR1 for subscription to MPRR​.​01 Oct 2018​Successfully released, published and in use from 01 October 2018. All MPRR returns must be submitted on this new MPR3, even for prior periods.
Phase 2RAV01 for subscription to MPRRSystem
solution for registration and subscription​
​Master data system release and registration of the taxpayer. Creation of the taxpayer’s account and confirmation of subscription to MPRR (dependency – master data must be cleansed). The account number (MPRR tax reference number) will start with “814….”. New registrations and subscriptions for MPRR will be submitted via the new RAV01 form (replacing the MPR1 form). Refer to the registration page on the SARS website for more details.​25 January 2019​Implemented
​Phase 3New eFiling payment channel for MPRR
Deactivation of current payment channels
​New eFiling payment channel release. De-activation of the other current payment channels – via EFT and Over the Counter payments at bank branches (Payments@Banks), as well as the current channel available via eFiling for MPRR payments.13 September 2019​Implemented
Communications to taxpayers
Phase 4New eFiling channel – returns submission​​Release of the eFiling channel to submit returns and pay to the new 814-account number. A monthly statement of account will be available.​Last quarter
2019 (tbc)
​Release date to be confirmed and communicated to the taxpayers
Phase 5Full and final releaseeAccountStatement of Account​​Release of the eAccount and interim Statement of Account on eFiling to enable the MPRR taxpayers to maintain the account. This is the full account functionality and final release.​​First quarter
2020 (tbc)
​Release date to be confirmed and communicated to the taxpayers

You can access the MPRR external guide and MPR3 form below: